Burn Awareness Week – February 6th to 12th
Did you know?
- Burns are a leading cause of death in our province and each year hundreds of victims suffer from these terrible injuries.
- On average 19 fires occur each day in British Columbia
- Every day someone is injured by fire in British Columbia
- Fire causes approximately $600,000 damage each day in B.C.
- Fire kills in British Columbia every 10 days
- 39% of burn injuries in BC are caused by hot liquids or vapours
- 47% of burn injuries in BC are caused by fires
- 58% of persons burned in fires are between 21 to 50 years of age
- The majority of fires occur in private dwellings
- The ignition of flammable liquids and substances such as cooking fats and gasoline are major causes of burn injuries from fire
- Having working smoke alarms in your home cuts your risk of dying in a fire
Burn Prevention and Treatment
Many fatal burns to children are the result of their playing with fire. Teach children that matches and lighters are tools for adults not toys for children. Use child-resistant lighters and store all matches and lighters out of sight and out of reach of children.
In the kitchen, keep children at a safe distance from the cooking area and never leave hot liquids unattended or at the end of a counter where they may be pulled down by a child. Turn pot handles to the back of the stove when cooking. Wear short or tight fitting sleeves when cooking.
Keep appliances such as irons and hair curling irons out of children’s reach.
Use extreme caution when using a microwave.
If your clothes catch on fire – STOP immediately, DROP to the floor, cover your face with your hands and ROLL over and over until the flames are out.
Immediately cool a burn by placing it under cool water for 10-15 minutes. Cool water helps lower the temperature of the skin to stop the burning process, numb the pain and reduce or stop swelling.
After cooling, apply a clean, dry dressing to first degree burns. Second and third degree burns require medical attention immediately.
Never use butter, oils, lotions, ice or ointments on a burn. This only seals heat in.
Don’t break blisters as this could cause infection.
For more information visit the BC Professional Fire Fighters’ Burn Fund website at www.burnfund.org.